Tuesday, 19 July 2011

Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
جمهوری اسلامی افغانستان
Jomhūrī-ye Eslāmī-ye Afġānistān
د افغانستان اسلامي جمهوریت
Da Afġānistān Islāmī Jomhoriyat
Flag Emblem
AnthemAfghan National Anthem
National anthem of Afghanistan.ogg
Capital
(and largest city)
Kabul
34°3′N 69°08′E
Official language(s) Dari (Persian)
Pashto
Demonym Afghan [alternatives]
Government Islamic republic
 -  President Hamid Karzai
 -  Vice President Mohammed Fahim
 -  Vice President Karim Khalili
 -  Chief Justice Abdul Salam Azimi
Establishment
 -  First Afghan state[1][2] October 1747 
 -  Independence August 19, 1919 
Area
 -  Total 647,500 km2 (41st)
251,772 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) negligible
Population
 -  2010 estimate 28,395,716[3] (42nd)
 -  1979 census 15.5 million[4] 
 -  Density 43.5/km2 (150th)
111.8/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2010 estimate
 -  Total $27.361 billion[5] 
 -  Per capita $906[5] 
GDP (nominal) 2010 estimate
 -  Total $15.608 billion[5] 
 -  Per capita $517[5] 
HDI (2007) 0.352 (low) (181st)
Currency Afghani (AFN)
Time zone D† (UTC+4:30)
Drives on the right
ISO 3166 code AF
Internet TLD .af
Calling code +93

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